Real Life Review: Panasonic Lumix GM1 – Big Performance in a Tiny Package but at what Price?

Samantha and I have been looking for a small, portable, carry everywhere  digital camera for a long time. But we need a camera that has raw capture, great image quality, high ISO performance AND can fit in our coat pocket. Big demands on our part but we think technology is getting closer to giving us what we want.

When we saw the size, specs and description of the Panasonic GM1, we thought we might finally have the answer to our wants (or are they needs?). This camera is touted as being the smallest interchangeable-lens camera in the world but giving us a 16 MP micro four thirds sized sensor (half the size of a 35mm sensor) in a mirrorless and viewfinder free camera. In addition Panasonic made a specially designed tiny 12-32mm (24-64mm equivalent) lens that makes this camera a miniature powerhouse. Pretty cool but will it also meet our demands in the field of a quick and easy to use camera with dynamic, creative controls?

Courtesy of

Courtesy of

Only one way to find out! So we contacted our friends at McBain Camera in Red Deer, Alberta and asked them for a GM1 to play with for a few weeks. They sent us the camera and off we headed to our annual Winter Photography Workshop in the Canadian Rockies to run the little camera up against the fierce wind and cold of Abraham Lake and the Kootenay Plains!

©Darwin Wiggett - a selfie with Samantha from day 1 of the winter workshop - only -34 degrees!

©Darwin Wiggett – A selfie with Samantha from day 1 of the winter workshop – only -34 degrees!

The Specs

For a complete list of specs on this camera we suggest you check out this link. We are not too picky about specs and our needs are simple. As long as the camera has a decent sensor with at least 10 MP or higher, raw format, exposure compensation, histogram display, auto-bracketing, a good LCD display, aperture priority, manual mode and some kind of program mode we are happy. We did like that this camera has a crazy shutter speed range from 60 seconds to 1/16,000 of a second. And we have grown to love touch screen displays (especially touch focus) after using our Canon 70D for months. We also really appreciate face recognition autofocus and variable aspect ratios for shaking up our compositions. Really, this camera has all the features we need and more for fully automatic (‘no thinking’) shooting or for fully manual (‘we are control freaks’) shooting. We found nothing lacking in the specs and the camera had many pleasant surprises on its “I can do that too” list.

For instance, one of the big surprises was Panasonic’s Intelligent Auto (IA) mode. When we wanted to get a shot fast and not have to think of the technical controls, we just shot in IA mode and the camera did everything for us and did it surprisingly well. In fact, we were blown away by the resulting photos in IA mode. It made us realize that modern cameras give technically good photos 95% of the time and that what separates photographers now is not technical prowess but creative vision (what we see, how we portray it and how we compose our photos). Being a technical whiz behind the lens really matters very little any more.

©Darwin Wiggett - Photo shot in IA mode while at a Michael Bernard Fitzgerald concert in Canmore. The camera handled the high contrast, low light beautifully and properly exposed all tones!

©Darwin Wiggett – Photo shot in IA mode while at a Michael Bernard Fitzgerald concert in Canmore. The camera handled the high contrast, low light beautifully!

©Darwin Wiggett - When you don't want too play with camera controls (e.g. it's too cold) then IA mode does the work for you, just compose and shoot!

©Darwin Wiggett – When you don’t want to play with camera controls (e.g. it’s too cold) then IA mode does the work for you, just compose and shoot!

What we liked about the GM1

There was lots to love about this camera and below is a wee list of things that impressed us.

  • image quality was really awesome. We could easily sell our dSLRs and just shoot with this camera and have images  usable for all of our professional needs – seriously! (hmmm…. maybe something to consider, sure would save our backs and our wallets!)
  • the size, oh yes the size… (and the weight)  a truly pocketable interchangeable lens compact camera – we would take this everywhere
  • interchangeable lenses – this is huge, we can customize this little beast with whatever lens suits our fancy!
  • the base ISO of 200 and the OIS (optical image stabilization) of the 12-32mm lens makes this camera a hand holdable powerhouse (no tripod needed)
  • for lower light requirements good high ISO performance makes this camera a real walk around workhorse.
  • the auto focus was zippy and accurate and we really like the touch screen option of placing the focus point anywhere in the frame. Face recognition auto focus worked really well even with people covered up in balaclavas!
  • video capture was really easy to use and did a great job (see video here)
  • with fast lenses like f1.7 or f2.8 it was possible to get sharp subjects and a soft beautiful background (something not possible with point-n-shoots with small sensors)
  • the camera gave us every control we would ever need to do creative professional photography and we loved the extended shutter speed range which went beyond what even our pro dSLR bodies could achieve
  • closeup photography was decent with the 12-32 mm kit lens (not as good as some point-n-shoots but totally workable)
  • awesome silent shutter mode for ‘stealth’ photography
  • really awesome IA mode for photographers more worried about capturing a moment than in getting bogged down in technical considerations
©Samantha Chrysanthou -

©Samantha Chrysanthou – Abraham Lake Ice and Snow

©Darwin Wiggett - leaf on ice at f2.8

©Darwin Wiggett – Leaf on ice at f2.8

©Darwin Wiggett - We like the camera to do quick and easy nature close ups.

©Darwin Wiggett – We like the camera to do quick and easy nature close ups.

©Darwin Wiggett - the camera could handle high contrast scenes very well, no filters, no tripod just compose and shoot!

©Darwin Wiggett – The camera could handle high contrast scenes very well, no filters, no tripod just compose and shoot!

Check out our test video from the Michael Bernard Fitzgerarld concert in Canmore.

What we did not like about the GM1

It is probably too bad that we tested the GM1 in -30 degree weather. If we had tested it in the summer this list of dislikes probably would be shorter. Our main frustration with the camera has to do with the miniature size of the camera controls (buttons and dials). The camera is so small that the main control dial gets accidentally depressed all the time. Or worse, when you want to make a specific change (change the exposure compensation or aperture) what you think you are pressing on the control dial is not what you meant to press and then you are in a worm hole of shifting white balance or moving focus points. Aaargh!

Unless you have thumbs the size of a pencil the command dial will end up driving you crazy. Sam only used the camera for about an hour and was ready to toss the thing at the frozen lake! Add thick gloves or mittens and the camera is almost unusable except in IA mode where all you do is press the shutter button. But still there is the issue of how to hold the camera without accidentally pressing something! Even indoors with bare hands, it is super easy to touch something you did not mean to and mess up the camera controls you were going to change. After a while you get used to the precision required to change settings but it takes a while and some patience (note to Sam). Even after mastering the finicky controls the truth is this camera is a bare hands, warm weather camera!

The controls on the back of the camera are small and jammed together and there is no little room left to actually grip the camera.

The controls on the back of the camera are small and jammed together and there is little room left to actually grip the camera.

Our dislikes include:

  • small, finicky, hard to accurately manipulate camera controls – these could have been designed much better (we have suggestion for Panasonic if they are interested!)
  • the camera is slow to use when wanting to change controls on the fly, the buttons and wheels are just too small – as pros who take charge of the camera and have to respond to quickly changing subjects and light, fast access to camera controls is necessary. Often we ended up just using IA mode because changing settings in the cold was just too hard!
  • the camera is not ergonomically well designed for one handed shooting. You mostly have to pinch the camera with the thumb and forefinger of both hands gripping the bottom and the top of the camera
  • the easiest way to change camera controls is with the touch screen which works great but not with thick gloves or mittens
  • low battery capacity; about 200 shots in warm weather, much lower when it is -30 degrees! You definitely need a second battery for a day shooting with this camera
  • the flash sync is 1/50 of a second or slower
  • there is no mic jack for video
  • diffraction kicks in severely with this camera after about f11, using f16 or f22 is not recommended!
  • does not really handle well with with telephoto lenses
©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett 


This camera isn’t for everyone. Making a small but capable camera comes at a cost and mostly that cost is in ease of use. Sam and I want a camera that has easy controls so we can make creative control decisions fast and easily. To really make the most of this camera you need to use the touch screen; the control dial and buttons are just too small. But to use the touch screen you need warm weather. If you live in an environment that is not too cold, then this camera would be great because touch screen controls are usable with bare hands. Here, in Alberta, we seem to have 10 months of winter and the touch screen has its limitations so we had to rely on the control dial which mostly drove us crazy because it is so small to use effectively (especially with gloves on).

We think this would be a perfect camera for travel to warm destinations. Its small size does not make it a target for thieves, plus it’s so small you’ll never leave it behind. With the Panasonic GM1 you just look like a tourist with a point-n-shoot and not a serious photographer; you can take the camera anywhere and nobody will question you about your gear or your motives for snapping shots. Big pro dSLRs attract attention good and bad. this camera with its silent shooting mode and awesome IA mode would be a great little street photography camera (in warm weather)

This camera would also be a great hiking or backpack camera as long as you pocketed a couple of spare batteries to power the hungry little camera (or use a solar roll to recharge your batteries while on expedition). We love the image quality and the compact size of the camera. If the handling was better (better designed control dial and buttons) this camera would have made it into our bag. Give us this camera with usable dials and buttons and we would have our perfect go everywhere camera. Almost there Panasonic, maybe in the GM2?

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

©Darwin Wiggett

Thanks again for letting us test the GM1, McBain’s in Red Deer!



About the Author

I am a Canadian landscape and outdoor photographer who loves long hikes in the woods, yummy food, hairy dogs, good company and a good guitar jam.


  1. Susan Drury
    March 6, 2014

    I love Panasonic Lumixs – I had a TMZ1 for years that took beautiful photos; changed to a low entry dSLR for a few years, but I missed the quick shot that I can do with a point n shoot and the light weight when I’m x-country skiing, hiking etc. And having to change lens sizes was getting fussy when I wanted to zoom. So I started looking for a new point n shoot. Wanted a Lumix, but the Canon Powershot SX 280 was available and at a good price in the store, so I got that. Has GPS, but Canon cameras don’t have panorama feature. Oh, well.

    The small dials can certainly be fussy, and holding it can be a challenge. The top left is where the flash pops up, so one has to remember not to hold a finger there. Suppose to hold these little cameras with a finger along the left end and thumb on the base. But nice to put in a pocket, usually an inner pocket during the winter with extra batteries in the inner picket too. So far enjoying the ‘freedom’ of using the point n shoot.

    Enjoyed reading your preview of this camera and your observations of operating a point n shoot vs a dSLR.

  2. Byron Robb
    March 6, 2014

    I have had a mirrorless for almost 5 years. (Olympus E-P1) and I really love having a good quality camera with RAW capture, etc. with me wherever I go. If you decide to buy one I suggest that you also bring along a Hoodman loupe or something similar. I don’t always use it, but in addition to keeping out harsh glare, its more functional use is to provide stability by being able to hold it and the camera tight against your eye.

  3. Paolo
    March 12, 2014

    Will your search still continue then? Will you try the Fujis next?

  4. Ian Parr
    March 17, 2014

    You can get gloves that have special finger pads to allow use of touch screens whilst wearing them. I haven’t tried them myself but it doesn’t get so cold in my neck of the woods that I have to worry about my fingers sticking to my phone (or camera).

    • Darwin Wiggett
      March 17, 2014

      Our thin cotton or silk gloves work well for the touch screen but are too thin for -20 or lower. We have seen other people with the gloves you talk of and they were too thin for really cold temps and people had have over mitts and chemical hand warmers to keep hands functioning. Taking off the over mitt temporarily did work but not for extended shooting times.

  5. Jim Jenkins
    April 14, 2014

    Graham Houghton reviews these cameras and offers manuals for most of them. Some of your readers might like to check his recommendations. See here:

    I have a Lumix DMC-FZ200 with a fixed lens that goes to 600mm. It does nicely for general photography.
    Jim Jenkins

  6. ump
    December 12, 2015

    I have larger than average hands and thumbs; I have no problems with the GM1’s control dial. Only a small minority do judging by Amazon reviews, but when they do they conclude that small thumbs and fingers are required. No, you just didn’t have the knack.

    It’s certainly not a camera I would contemplate trying to do complex stuff on with gloves, but then I’m not sure you ever need to. RAW, exposure hold and spot metering will solve most problems. Or just just shoot RAW and set the camera to bracket.

    Re. the fuzziness you mentioned at narrow apertures, it’s diffraction and a result of sensor pitch. It therefore sets in at the same point for every camera with the same size sensor and pixel count. You’re not alone in not knowing this. It hardly ever gets mentioned in discussions about pixel counts. More here:


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